The numbers are absolutely staggering.
Across the globe, governments have unleashed $17 trillion of fiscal and monetary stimulus in response to the pandemic. That figure is just shy of the output of the entire U.S. economy.
And thats just so far. It looks like more is on the way.
U.S. lawmakers are in talks to add $1 to $3 trillion to that number, and the European Union just reached a deal on a $2 trillion recovery plan.
These gargantuan sums have stoked fears that a period of hyperinflation is just around the corner.
Along with these fears, gold prices have surged. Year to date, golds 25% return is outpacing even the Nasdaq Composite Index.
So, the conventional wisdom tells us, inflation fears are driving a massive rally into gold.
Theres just one problem with that theory. As Ted wrote here in June, there is absolutely no inflation in the economy
at least not outside of financial markets.
Thats why the stock market has soared while jobless claims remain stubbornly high.
And inflation is expected to remain subdued. The markets are only pricing in annual inflation of 1.4% for the next five years. Thats even below this past decades meager average.
My point is this: Inflation is not the reason the price of gold is near all-time highs.
Theres another story behind why gold has jumped recently.
And its also why the gold rally might just be getting started.
If there was inflation, gold would be attractive as a store of value. Its easy to create trillions in additional money. However, its hard to remove enough gold from the ground to significantly boost the supply.
But gold has another role. Its also used as a safe haven asset, and right now it holds the pole position among other safe havens. This is why prices have rallied recently.
Let me explain.
Gold typically has some serious competition as a safe haven from government bonds, especially U.S. Treasury securities.
And Treasuries have a key advantage over gold: they pay an interest rate, whereas gold does not.
So when Treasury yields are relatively high and inflation is low, gold loses some luster.
But when Treasury yields are low, that advantage fades away. Especially in times like now, where the 10-year U.S. Treasury only yields 0.58%.
Theres also the fact that $15 trillion in global government debt sports a negative interest rate. You actually receive less than your initial investment if held to maturity. Thats yet another reason to choose gold as a safe haven in this environment.
And thats why inflation coupled with interest rates is the most important factor in the direction of gold prices. Check out the chart below to see what I mean:
The blue line is the real yield the interest rate on a 10-year treasury minus inflation.
As you can see, when real yields were in a sustained uptrend, gold prices fell by 35%. But as real yields have collectively fallen since mid-2015, gold prices have gained 61%.
The bulk of those gains have come since the beginning of 2019, when interest rates initially began their nosedive.
And for the foreseeable future, yields arent going anywhere certainly not higher.
The Federal Reserve expects to keep short-term rates at zero through 2022 while continuing to purchase $120 billion of government debt every month to keep long rates low.
So keep close watch of real yields. Despite golds impressive rally this year, we may only be in the early stages as long as the competition doesnt show up.
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